Wednesday, March 20, 2019 8:45 AM PT
Rare Coins
CCE Bullion Quote System
CCE Prices in CNY ¥ Chinese Yuan  (1 USD = 6.6926 CNY)
USD $  EUR €  GBP £  CNY ¥  JPY ¥ 
CCPM (CC9)
Redding CA 96002 
Gold:
¥ 8702.39
-42.83▼
(3/20/2019 11:45 ET)
Gold Coins
American Gold Eagle - Mint State High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Eagle MS (any year) ¥ 8789.75 CC9 ¥ 8898.12 CC9
1 oz Eagle MS (2019) ¥ 8898.19 CC9 ¥ 8985.22 CC9
1/2 oz Eagle MS (any year) ¥ 4394.71 CC9 ¥ 4525.24 CC9
1/2 oz Eagle MS (2019) ¥ 4470.85 CC9 ¥ 4590.44 CC9
1/4 oz Eagle MS (any year) ¥ 2229.99 CC9 ¥ 2306.13 CC9
1/4 oz Eagle MS (2019) ¥ 2300.69 CC9 ¥ 2338.77 CC9
1/10 oz Eagle MS (any year) ¥ 942.03 CC9 ¥ 952.84 CC9
1/10 oz Eagle MS (2019) ¥ 944.21 CC9 ¥ 952.84 CC9
 
American Gold Eagle - Proof High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Eagle PR w/OGP (any year) ¥ 8668.92 CC9
1 oz Eagle PR w/OGP (2019) ¥ 8668.92 CC9
1/2 oz Eagle PR w/OGP (any year) ¥ 4334.46 CC9
1/2 oz Eagle PR w/OGP (2019) ¥ 4334.46 CC9
1/4 oz Eagle PR w/OGP (any year) ¥ 2167.23 CC9
1/4 oz Eagle PR w/OGP (2019) ¥ 2167.23 CC9
1/10 oz Eagle PR w/OGP (any year) ¥ 866.89 CC9
1/10 oz Eagle PR w/OGP (2019) ¥ 866.89 CC9
 
American Gold Eagle - Proof Set High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1.85 oz Eagle 4pc Set w/OGP (any year) ¥ 16037.51 CC9 ¥ 16434.05 CC9
1.85 oz Eagle 4pc Set w/OGP (2019) ¥ 16037.51 CC9
1.50 oz Eagle 2pc Set w/OGP (any year) ¥ 13003.39 CC9
1.50 oz Eagle 2pc Set w/OGP (2019) ¥ 13003.39 CC9
 
American Gold Buffalo - Mint State High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Buffalo MS (any year) ¥ 8854.75 CC9 ¥ 8963.46 CC9
1 oz Buffalo MS (2019) ¥ 8898.26 CC9 ¥ 8985.22 CC9
1/2 oz Buffalo MS (any year) ¥ 4590.51 CC9
1/4 oz Buffalo MS (any year) ¥ 2393.16 CC9
1/10 oz Buffalo MS (any year) ¥ 965.97 CC9
 
American Gold Buffalo - Proof High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Buffalo PR w/OGP (any year) ¥ 8735.85 CC9
1 oz Buffalo PR w/OGP (2019) ¥ 8735.85 CC9
 
U.S. Gold High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
$5 (XF/AU) ¥ 2083.80 CC9
$10 (XF/AU) ¥ 4167.68 CC9
$20 (XF/AU) ¥ 8368.83 CC9
 
Australia High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Lunar ¥ 8615.36 CC9
1 oz Kangaroo ¥ 8637.21 CC9 ¥ 8836.24 CC9
1/2 oz Kangaroo ¥ 4307.68 CC9
1/4 oz Kangaroo ¥ 2153.84 CC9
1/10 oz Kangaroo ¥ 861.54 CC9
1/20 oz Kangaroo ¥ 430.77 CC9
 
Austria Philharmonic High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Philharmonic (any year) ¥ 8722.47 CC9
1 oz Philharmonic (2019) ¥ 8770.18 CC9
1/2 oz Philharmonic (any year) ¥ 4351.26 CC9
1/2 oz Philharmonic (2019) ¥ 4351.26 CC9
1/4 oz Philharmonic (any year) ¥ 2175.66 CC9
1/4 oz Philharmonic (2019) ¥ 2175.66 CC9
1/10 oz Philharmonic (any year) ¥ 870.31 CC9
1/10 oz Philharmonic (2019) ¥ 870.31 CC9
 
Austria Corona/Ducat High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
100 Corona ¥ 8444.85 CC9
20 Corona ¥ 1680.15 CC9
10 Corona ¥ 840.11 CC9
4 Ducats ¥ 3823.57 CC9
1 Ducat ¥ 953.79 CC9
 
Belgium High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
20 Francs ¥ 1592.31 CC9
 
Canada High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Maple Leaf .99999 (any year) ¥ 8702.39 CC9
1 oz Maple Leaf .99999 (2019) ¥ 8702.39 CC9
1 oz Maple Leaf .9999 (any year) ¥ 8702.39 CC9 ¥ 8802.78 CC9
1 oz Maple Leaf .9999 (2019) ¥ 8789.39 CC9 ¥ 8876.40 CC9
1 oz Maple Leaf .999 (any year) ¥ 8637.12 CC9
1/2 oz Maple Leaf (any year) ¥ 4329.44 CC9 ¥ 4568.75 CC9
1/2 oz Maple Leaf (2019) ¥ 4373.02 CC9 ¥ 4568.75 CC9
1/4 oz Maple Leaf (any year) ¥ 2197.35 CC9
1/4 oz Maple Leaf (2019) ¥ 2230.05 CC9 ¥ 2327.89 CC9
1/10 oz Maple Leaf (any year) ¥ 887.71 CC9
1/10 oz Maple Leaf (2019) ¥ 926.87 CC9 ¥ 948.56 CC9
1/20 oz Maple Leaf (any year) ¥ 500.39 CC9
1/20 oz Maple Leaf (2019) ¥ 500.39 CC9
 
China High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Panda ¥ 8571.85 CC9
30 gram Panda ¥ 8267.55 CC9 ¥ 8729.19 CC9
1/2 oz Panda ¥ 4285.93 CC9
15 gram Panda ¥ 4133.78 CC9
8 gram Panda ¥ 2204.68 CC9
1/4 oz Panda ¥ 2142.96 CC9
1/10 oz Panda ¥ 857.19 CC9
3 gram Panda ¥ 826.76 CC9
1/20 oz Panda ¥ 428.59 CC9
1 gram Panda ¥ 275.59 CC9
 
Columbia High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
5 Peso ¥ 2018.74 CC9
 
Denmark High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
20 Kroner ¥ 2210.61 CC9 ¥ 2255.66 CC9
10 Kroner ¥ 1105.34 CC9
 
France High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
20 Francs Rooster Coq ¥ 1608.49 CC9 ¥ 1648.16 CC9
20 Francs Angel Genie ¥ 1608.49 CC9 ¥ 1651.51 CC9
20 Francs Nap III ¥ 1600.43 CC9
10 Francs Rooster Coq ¥ 795.76 CC9
 
Germany High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
20 Marks ¥ 1985.05 CC9
10 Marks ¥ 992.56 CC9
 
Gibraltar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Cherub Angel ¥ 8615.36 CC9
1/2 oz Cherub Angel ¥ 4307.68 CC9
1/5 oz Cherub Angel ¥ 1723.07 CC9
1/10 oz Cherub Angel ¥ 861.54 CC9
1/25 oz Cherub Angel ¥ 344.61 CC9
 
Great Britain High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
British Sovereign New ¥ 2033.18 CC9
British Sovereign Old Kings ¥ 2048.54 CC9 ¥ 2078.66 CC9
British Sovereign Old Queens ¥ 2048.54 CC9 ¥ 2078.66 CC9
British Half Sovereign ¥ 1014.10 CC9
 
Hungary High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
100 Korona ¥ 8466.10 CC9
20 Korona ¥ 1680.15 CC9
10 Korona ¥ 840.04 CC9
 
Isle of Man High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Angel ¥ 8615.36 CC9
1/2 oz Angel ¥ 4307.68 CC9
1/4 oz Angel ¥ 2153.84 CC9
1/10 oz Angel ¥ 861.54 CC9
1/20 oz Angel ¥ 430.77 CC9
 
Italy High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
20 Lire ¥ 1600.36 CC9
 
Mexico High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
50 Pesos ¥ 10440.07 CC9
20 Pesos ¥ 4155.19 CC9
10 Pesos ¥ 2077.16 CC9
5 Pesos ¥ 1038.15 CC9
2.5 Pesos ¥ 518.64 CC9
2 Pesos ¥ 419.46 CC9
 
Netherlands High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
10 Guilder ¥ 1669.01 CC9
1 Ducat ¥ 950.69 CC9
 
Russia High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1/10 oz Ballerina ¥ 861.60 CC9
1/20 oz Ballerina ¥ 430.84 CC9
10 Ruble ¥ 2166.09 CC9
5 Ruble ¥ 1083.51 CC9
 
South Africa High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Krugerrand ¥ 8730.03 CC9 ¥ 8769.31 CC9
1/2 oz Krugerrand ¥ 4329.44 CC9
1/4 oz Krugerrand ¥ 2164.72 CC9
1/10 oz Krugerrand ¥ 887.64 CC9
 
Sweden High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
20 Kroner ¥ 2222.75 CC9
10 Kroner ¥ 1105.34 CC9
 
Switzerland High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
100 Francs ¥ 8042.44 CC9
20 Francs ¥ 1626.41 CC9
10 Francs ¥ 803.81 CC9
 
Gold:
¥ 8702.39
-42.83▼
(3/20/2019 11:45 ET)
Gold Bars
Perth Mint Gold Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 Kilo bar ¥ 277718.02 CC9
10 oz Kangaroo bar ¥ 86588.76 CC9
1 oz Kangaroo bar ¥ 8689.00 CC9 ¥ 8782.70 CC9
 
Asahi/Johnson Matthey Gold Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 Kilo JM bar ¥ 278417.49 CC9
10 oz Asahi bar ¥ 86588.76 CC9
10 oz JM bar ¥ 86588.76 CC9
1 oz JM bar ¥ 8668.92 CC9
 
Royal Canadian Gold Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 Kilo RCM bar ¥ 277717.95 CC9
1 oz RCM bar ¥ 8702.39 CC9 ¥ 8802.78 CC9
 
Pamp Suisse Gold Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 Kilo Pamp bar ¥ 278417.56 CC9 ¥ 281537.91 CC9
10 oz Pamp bar ¥ 86588.76 CC9 ¥ 87960.84 CC9
5 oz Pamp bar ¥ 43185.60 CC9 ¥ 44013.88 CC9
1 oz Pamp bar ¥ 8689.00 CC9 ¥ 8802.70 CC9
1 oz Pamp Fortuna bar ¥ 8689.00 CC9 ¥ 8802.78 CC9
 
Credit Suisse Gold Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
10 oz Credit bar ¥ 86588.76 CC9 ¥ 88027.77 CC9
1 oz Credit bar ¥ 8689.00 CC9
 
ScotiaMocatta Gold Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz ScotiaMocatta bar ¥ 8669.01 CC9
 
Sunshine Gold Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Sunshine bar ¥ 8702.39 CC9
 
Heraeus Gold Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
100 oz Heraeus bar ¥ 861536.39 CC9
1 Kilo Heraeus bar ¥ 277717.95 CC9
1 oz Heraeus bar ¥ 8669.80 CC9
 
Valcambi Suisse Gold Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Valcambi bar ¥ 8682.32 CC9
1 oz Valcambi CombiBar (10 x 1/10) ¥ 8637.12 CC9
 
Silver:
¥ 102.260
-0.540▼
(3/20/2019 11:45 ET)
Silver Coins
U.S. Silver Bags High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
90% Silver $1000 Bags ¥ 70728.81 CC9
40% Silver $1000 Bags ¥ 28788.89 CC9 ¥ 29377.84 CC9
War Time 5c $200 Bags ¥ 18407.33 CC9
 
U.S. Silver $1 (VG or better) High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
Pre-21 Morgan $1 ¥ 120.47 CC9 ¥ 153.93 CC9
1921 Morgan $1 ¥ 107.08 CC9 ¥ 120.47 CC9
Peace $1 ¥ 98.72 CC9 ¥ 110.43 CC9
 
American Silver Eagle - Mint State High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Eagle MS (any year) ¥ 112.65 CC9 ¥ 115.65 CC9
1 oz Eagle MS (2019) ¥ 116.32 CC9 ¥ 117.99 CC9
 
American Silver Eagle - Proof High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Eagle PR (any year) ¥ 261.01 CC9
1 oz Eagle PR (2019) ¥ 261.01 CC9
 
Australia High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Koala ¥ 100.92 CC9 ¥ 126.69 CC9
1 kg Kookaburra ¥ 3291.87 CC9
10 oz Kookaburra ¥ 1022.63 CC9
2 oz Kookaburra ¥ 204.53 CC9
1 oz Kookaburra ¥ 100.92 CC9 ¥ 127.36 CC9
 
Austria High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Philharmonic ¥ 104.27 CC9 ¥ 114.31 CC9
 
Canada High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
10 oz Magnificent Maple (any year) ¥ 1059.44 CC9
10 oz Magnificent Maple (2019) ¥ 1059.44 CC9
1 oz Maple Leaf (any year) ¥ 107.95 CC9 ¥ 112.97 CC9
1 oz Maple Leaf (2019) ¥ 110.29 CC9 ¥ 113.31 CC9
Canadian $1 ¥ 49.09 CC9
80% Silver $1000 Bags ¥ 45634.83 CC9
 
China High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Panda ¥ 122.34 CC9
30 gram Panda ¥ 98.63 CC9 ¥ 136.45 CC9
 
Mexico High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Libertad ¥ 100.92 CC9
 
Silver:
¥ 102.260
-0.540▼
(3/20/2019 11:45 ET)
Silver Bars
Engelhard Silver Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1,000 oz EH bar ¥ 101259.04 CC9
100 oz EH bar ¥ 10159.38 CC9 ¥ 10494.00 CC9
1 Kilo EH bar ¥ 3245.13 CC9
10 oz EH bar ¥ 1042.71 CC9
1 oz EH bar ¥ 103.94 CC9
 
Asahi/Johnson Matthey Silver Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1,000 oz JM bar ¥ 101259.04 CC9
100 oz Asahi bar ¥ 10226.30 CC9 ¥ 10594.38 CC9
100 oz JM bar ¥ 10259.77 CC9 ¥ 10493.99 CC9
1 Kilo Asahi bar ¥ 3245.13 CC9 ¥ 3406.55 CC9
1 Kilo JM bar ¥ 3245.13 CC9
10 oz JM bar ¥ 1049.40 CC9
1 oz JM bar ¥ 103.94 CC9
 
Royal Canadian Mint Silver Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1,000 oz RCM bar ¥ 101259.04 CC9
100 oz RCM bar ¥ 10259.76 CC9 ¥ 10594.38 CC9
10 oz RCM bar ¥ 1052.75 CC9
1 oz RCM bar ¥ 103.94 CC9
 
Pamp Suisse Silver Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Pamp bar ¥ 122.34 CC9
 
Republic Metals Silver Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1,000 oz RMC bar ¥ 100924.41 CC9
100 oz RMC bar ¥ 10025.51 CC9
1 Kilo RMC bar ¥ 3245.13 CC9
10 oz RMC bar ¥ 1036.01 CC9
5 oz RMC bar ¥ 511.31 CC9
1 oz RMC bar ¥ 103.94 CC9
1 oz RMC round ¥ 103.60 CC9
 
Sunshine Silver Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
100 oz Sunshine bar ¥ 10226.29 CC9 ¥ 10728.24 CC9
10 oz Sunshine bar ¥ 1036.01 CC9
5 oz Sunshine bar ¥ 518.01 CC9
1 oz Sunshine bar ¥ 103.94 CC9
1 oz Sunshine round ¥ 103.60 CC9 ¥ 107.62 CC9
 
Silver Bar (any brand name) High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
100 oz COMEX bar ¥ 10226.29 CC9 ¥ 10493.99 CC9
100 oz non-COMEX bar ¥ 10092.44 CC9 ¥ 10460.53 CC9
1 Kilo Silver bar ¥ 3245.13 CC9 ¥ 3331.20 CC9
10 oz Silver bar ¥ 1009.24 CC9 ¥ 1056.09 CC9
5 oz Silver bar ¥ 511.31 CC9 ¥ 531.39 CC9
1 oz Silver bar ¥ 103.94 CC9 ¥ 106.28 CC9
1 oz Silver round ¥ 103.60 CC9 ¥ 105.61 CC9
 
Heraeus Silver Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Heraeus bar ¥ 103.94 CC9
 
Platinum:
¥ 5736.90
44.84▲
(3/20/2019 11:45 ET)
Platinum Coins
American Platinum Eagle - Mint State High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Eagle MS (any year) ¥ 5904.21 CC9
1 oz Eagle MS (2019) ¥ 5966.37 CC9 ¥ 6138.48 CC9
1/2 oz Eagle MS (any year) ¥ 2935.37 CC9
1/4 oz Eagle MS (any year) ¥ 1467.69 CC9
1/10 oz Eagle MS (any year) ¥ 590.42 CC9
 
American Platinum Eagle - Proof High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Eagle PR w/OGP (any year) ¥ 6406.16 CC9
1 oz Eagle PR w/OGP (2019) ¥ 6406.16 CC9
1/2 oz Eagle PR w/OGP (any year) ¥ 3203.08 CC9
1/2 oz Eagle PR w/OGP (2019) ¥ 3203.08 CC9
1/4 oz Eagle PR w/OGP (any year) ¥ 1601.54 CC9
1/4 oz Eagle PR w/OGP (2019) ¥ 1601.54 CC9
1/10 oz Eagle PR w/OGP (any year) ¥ 640.62 CC9
1/10 oz Eagle PR w/OGP (2019) ¥ 640.62 CC9
 
Australian Platinum Koala High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Koala ¥ 5716.82 CC9
1/2 oz Koala ¥ 2667.66 CC9
1/4 oz Koala ¥ 1333.83 CC9
1/10 oz Koala ¥ 533.53 CC9
1/20 oz Koala ¥ 266.77 CC9
 
Australian Platinum Platypus High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Platypus ¥ 5750.28 CC9
 
Austria Platinum Philharmonic High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Philharmonic ¥ 5770.36 CC9
 
Canadian Platinum Maple Leaf High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Maple Leaf (any year) ¥ 5937.67 CC9 ¥ 6104.99 CC9
1 oz Maple Leaf (2019) ¥ 5937.67 CC9 ¥ 6104.99 CC9
1/2 oz Maple Leaf (any year) ¥ 2667.66 CC9
1/2 oz Maple Leaf (2019) ¥ 2667.66 CC9
1/4 oz Maple Leaf (any year) ¥ 1333.83 CC9
1/4 oz Maple Leaf (2019) ¥ 1333.83 CC9
1/10 oz Maple Leaf (any year) ¥ 533.53 CC9
1/10 oz Maple Leaf (2019) ¥ 533.53 CC9
1/20 oz Maple Leaf (any year) ¥ 266.77 CC9
1/20 oz Maple Leaf (2019) ¥ 266.77 CC9
 
Pobjoy Mint Platinum Noble High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Noble ¥ 5736.90 CC9
1/2 oz Noble ¥ 2667.66 CC9
1/4 oz Noble ¥ 1333.83 CC9
1/10 oz Noble ¥ 533.53 CC9
1/20 oz Noble ¥ 266.77 CC9
 
Platinum:
¥ 5736.90
44.84▲
(3/20/2019 11:45 ET)
Platinum Bars
Royal Canadian Mint Platinum Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
10 oz RCM bar ¥ 57034.34 CC9
1 oz RCM bar ¥ 5736.90 CC9
 
Johnson Matthey Platinum Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
10 oz JM bar ¥ 57034.34 CC9
1 oz JM bar ¥ 5690.05 CC9
 
Engelhard Platinum Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
10 oz EH bar ¥ 57034.34 CC9
1 oz EH bar ¥ 5736.90 CC9
 
Pamp Suisse Platinum Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
10 oz Pamp bar ¥ 57034.34 CC9
1 oz Pamp bar ¥ 5783.74 CC9
 
Credit Suisse Platinum Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Credit bar ¥ 5736.90 CC9
 
Platinum Bar (any brand name) High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Platinum bar ¥ 5736.90 CC9 ¥ 5910.90 CC9
 
Heraeus Platinum Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Heraeus bar ¥ 5736.90 CC9
 
Valcambi Suisse Platinum Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Valcambi bar ¥ 5817.21 CC9 ¥ 5924.29 CC9
 
Palladium:
¥ 10709.50
34.80▲
(3/20/2019 11:45 ET)
Palladium Coins
American Palladium Eagle High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Eagle ¥ 11311.83 CC9
 
Canadian Palladium Maple Leaf High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Maple Leaf ¥ 10227.63 CC9
 
Palladium:
¥ 10709.50
34.80▲
(3/20/2019 11:45 ET)
Palladium Bars
Pamp Suisse Palladium Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 Kilo Pamp bar ¥ 309917.89 CC9
10 oz Pamp bar ¥ 102276.31 CC9
1 oz Pamp bar ¥ 10227.63 CC9
 
Credit Suisse Palladium Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
10 oz Credit bar ¥ 102276.31 CC9
1 oz Credit bar ¥ 10227.63 CC9
 
Johnson Matthey Palladium Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
10 oz JM bar ¥ 102276.31 CC9
1 oz JM bar ¥ 10227.63 CC9
 
Palladium Bar (any brand name) High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Palladium bar ¥ 10227.63 CC9
 
Heraeus Palladium Bar High BID Buyer Low ASK Seller
1 oz Heraeus bar ¥ 10227.63 CC9
 
BQS Bid and Ask prices ©2019 Collectors Universe Inc. BQS Bid and Ask prices are the property of Collectors Universe Inc., and may not be re-published in any format without written permission from Collectors Universe Inc.